Shanghyang Dance

Bali Dances -In the temple two girls kneel before a brazier of smoking incense. The pemangku priest makes offerings to the deity of the temple requesting protection for the village during the trance ceremony. Behind the girls are seated a group of women who chant the sanghyang song, which ask the celestial nymph to the scend from heaven and dance before the people through the bodies of the girls
    Fragrant is the smoke of incense
    The smoke that coils and upward
    Toward the home of the three divine ones
    We are cleansed to call the nymphs
    To descend from heaven
    Beautiful in their bodices of gold………
With above closed, the girls rock back and forth above the incense until they fall down fully in trance. The attending women put flowered crowns upon their heads and lift them to the shoulders of male retainers who carry them to the place where they are to dance. Set upon the ground between the female choir and male chorus, the little dancers sway listlessly in a dreamy version of the Legong. Their movements coincide automatically although their eyes never open during the entire performance. When the chanting ceases, the girls fall to the ground in a swoon. They are brought out of trance by the pemangku, who prays beside them and blesses them with holy water
Described here is Sanghyang Dedari, a ritual dance where it is believed a divine spirit temporarily descends to a village and reveals itself through the entranced dancers. Sanghyang is the title for a deified spirit and means "The Revered One" or "Holiness"; Dedari” Angel".
    The girls dancing as "Revered Angels'' are always underage, for a virgin child is considered holy. There are other forms of the Sanghyang trance dance as well. In Sanghyang Jaran, an entranced boy (or priest) dances on a horse, jaran , represented by a hobbyhorse. He dances around a bonfire made from coconut husks. If the Sanghyang song leads him, he dances through the fire. Mountain villages near Kintamani perform the Sanghyang Deling, Whele Puppets dance suspended on a string between two poles manipulated by children.
    Sanghyang dances developed from the essential religious function of maintaining the health and well-being of the village. They are performed to exorcise evil spirits that may be infesting the community in the form of sickness or death. The boys and girls selected to be Sanghyang dancers are highly regarded by the community and are exempt from certain village responsibilities. The feats they perform while dancing are accepted as a medium of spiritual expression, since the dancer is thought to be possessed by a deity. The Sanghyang Dedari dancers have never had any dancing lessons. In normal life, they cannot remember nor repeat the motions they enact while in trance. Nor can a Sanghyang Jaran dancer normally walk on fire.
    So intriguing to the island visitor, trance, as an elevated state of consciousness, is part of Balinese life and is viewed as quite natural by the people. An entranced person believed communicating with a divine presence is respected as holy and is left free to express him self under a directive influence, usually that of a priest. The Balinese are careful never to let one entranced get out of hand. There are always guardians from the village who stand by during a trance ceremony to exercise control should it be needed.
    Although previously there were more variations of the Sanghyang than you find today in Bali, this trance dance continues to be influential. The Kecak and Janger are direct offshoots of the Sanghyang, and the notion of a dancer becoming possessed by his role is manifest in a Topeng actor "entering" the characters of his masks, That Balinese children from the earliest age instinctively assimilate the movements of the dance is apparent in the Sanghyang Dedari girls, who with no dance training, can perform the generalized movements of the Legong in unison!

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